## Concepts

**1) There is a relationship between speed, distance and time:**

Speed = Distance / Time OR

Distance = Speed* Time

**2) Average Speed = 2xy / x+y**

where x km/hr is a speed for certain distance and y km/hr is a speed at for same distance covered.

**** Remember that average speed is not just an average of two speeds i.e. x+y/2. It is equal to 2xy / x+y

**3) Always remember that during solving questions units must be same. Units can be km/hr, m/sec etc.**

**** Conversion of km/ hr to m/ sec and m/ sec to km/ hr

x km/ hr = (x* 5/18) m/sec i.e. u just need to multiply 5/18

Similarly, x m/sec = (x*18/5) km/sec

**4) As we know, Speed = Distance/ Time.**

Now, if in questions Distance is constant then speed will be inversely proportional to time i.e. if speed increases ,time taken will decrease and vice versa.