Quadrilaterals Class 9 Maths Formulas

Quadrilaterals Class 9 Maths Formulas

For those looking for help on Quadrilaterals Class 9 Math Concepts can find all of them here provided in a comprehensive manner. To make it easy for you we have jotted the Class 9 Quadrilaterals Maths Formulae List all at one place. You can find Formulas for all the topics lying within the Quadrilaterals Class 9 Quadrilaterals in detail and get a good grip on them. Revise the entire concepts in a smart way taking help of the Maths Formulas for Class 9 Quadrilaterals.

Maths Formulas for Class 9 Quadrilaterals

The List of Important Formulas for Class 9 Quadrilaterals is provided on this page. We have everything covered right from basic to advanced concepts in Quadrilaterals. Make the most out of the Maths Formulas for Class 9 prepared by subject experts and take your preparation to the next level. Access the Formula Sheet of Quadrilaterals Class 9 covering numerous concepts and use them to solve your Problems effortlessly.

Quadrilateral
A plane figure bounded by four line segments is called quadrilateral.

Properties:

  • It has four sides.
  • It has four vertices or comers.
  • It has two diagonals.
  • The sum of four interior angles is equal to 360°.

In quadrilateral ABCD, AB, BC, CD and DA are sides; AC and BD are diagonals and
∠ABC + ∠BCD + ∠CDA + ∠DAB = 360°.

Types of Quadrilaterals
1. Parallelogram: A quadrilateral whose each pair of opposite sides are parallel.

  • AB || DC
  • AD || BC

2. Rectangle: A parallelogram whose one angle is 90°. Diagonals are equal.

3. Rhombus: A parallelogram whose adjacent sides are equal.
Note: Diagonal bisect each other at 90°.

4. Square: A rectangle whose adjacent sides are equal (four sides are equal). Diagonal bisect each other at 90°.

5. Trapezium: A quadrilateral whose one pair of opposite sides are parallel. AB || DC

6. Kite: It has two pair of adjacent sides that are equal in length but opposite sides are unequal.

Note:

  • One of the diagonal bisects the other at right angle.
  • One pair of opposite angles are equal.

Properties of a Parallelogram

  • Opposite sides are equal.
    e.g., AB = DC and AD = BC
  • Consecutive angles are supplementary.
    e.g., ∠A + ∠D = 180°
  • Diagonals of parallelogram bisect each other.
  • Diagonal divide it into two congruent triangles. A B

Theorem 8.1: A diagonal of a parallelogram divides it into two congruent triangles.
Theorem 8,2: In a parallelogram, opposite sides are equal.
Theorem 8.3: If each pair of opposite sides of a quadrilateral is equal, then it is a parallelogram.
Theorem 8.4: In a parallelogram, opposite angles are equal.
Theorem 8.5: If in a quadrilateral, each pair of opposite angles of a quadrilateral is equal then it is a parallelogram.
Theorem 8.6: The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.
Theorem 8.7: If the diagonals of quadrilateral bisect each other, then it is a parallelogram.
Theorem 8.8: A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of opposite sides is equal and parallel.

Mid-point Theorem
Theorem 8.9: The line segment joining the mid-points of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third.
Given: A triangle ABC, E and F are mid-points of sides AB and AC respectively.
i.e., AE = EB and AF = FC
To Prove:
(i) EF || BC
(ii) EF = \(\frac{1}{2}\) BC
Construction: Draw a line through C parallel to AB and extend EF which intersect at D.
Proof: (i) In AAEF and ACDF,
AF = CF (F is the mid-point of AC)
∠AFE = ∠CFD (Vertically opposite angles)
∠EAF = ∠DCF (Alternate interior angles)
∴ ΔAEF = ΔCDF (by ASA congruency)
∴ AE = CD (by CPCT)
and BE = CD (AE = BE)
EF = FD (by CPCT);
Hence, BCDE is a parallelogram.
ED || BC )
∴ EF || BC

(ii) BCDE is a parallelogram.
DE = BC
EF + FD = BC
2EF = BC
EF=\(\frac{1}{2}\)BC

Converse of Mid-Point Theorem

Theorem 8.10: The line drawn through the mid-point of one side of a triangle, parallel to another side bisects the third side. ‘
Given: ΔABC in which E is the mid point of AB.
EF || BC
To Prove: AF = FC
Construction: Draw CD || AB and extend EF which intersect at D.
Proof: EF || BC
∴ ED || BC
AB || CD
⇒ BE || CD
∴ BCDE is a parallelogram.
Now in ΔAEF and ΔCDF, ∠AFE = ∠CFD (Vertically opposite angles)
∠EAF = ∠DCF (Alternate interior angles)
AE = CD (BE = AE opposite side of a parallelogram and BE = CD
∴ AAEF ≅ ACDF (by AAS congruency)
Hence AF = FC (by CPCT)

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