# Probability of Tossing Three Coins

Here we will learn how to find the probability of tossing three coins.

Let us take the experiment of tossing three coins simultaneously:

When we toss three coins simultaneously then the possible of outcomes are: (HHH) or (HHT) or (HTH) or (THH) or (HTT) or (THT) or (TTH) or (TTT) respectively; where H is denoted for head and T is denoted for tail.

Therefore, total numbers of outcome are 23 = 8

The above explanation will help us to solve the problems on finding the probability of tossing three coins.

Worked-out problems on probability involving tossing or throwing or flipping three coins:

1. When 3 coins are tossed randomly 250 times and it is found that three heads appeared 70 times, two heads appeared 55 times, one head appeared 75 times and no head appeared 50 times.

If three coins are tossed simultaneously at random, find the probability of:

Solution:

Total number of trials = 250.

Number of times three heads appeared = 70.

Number of times two heads appeared = 55.

Number of times one head appeared = 75.

Number of times no head appeared = 50.

In a random toss of 3 coins, let E1, E2, E3 and E4 be the events of getting three heads, two heads, one head and 0 head respectively. Then,

Number of times three heads appeared
=
Total number of trials

= 70/250

= 0.28

Number of times two heads appeared
=
Total number of trials

= 55/250

= 0.22

Number of times one head appeared
=
Total number of trials

= 75/250

= 0.30

Number of times on head appeared
=
Total number of trials

= 50/250

= 0.20

Note:

In tossing 3 coins simultaneously, the only possible outcomes are E1, E2, E3, E4 and
P(E1) + P(E2) + P(E3) + P(E4)

= (0.28 + 0.22 + 0.30 + 0.20)

= 1

2. When 3 unbiased coins are tossed once.

What is the probability of:

(iv) getting at least 1 head

(v) getting at least 2 heads

Solution:

In tossing three coins, the sample space is given by

S = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}

And, therefore, n(S) = 8.

Let E1 = event of getting all heads. Then,
E1 = {HHH}
and, therefore, n(E1) = 1.
Therefore, P(getting all heads) = P(E1) = n(E1)/n(S) = 1/8.

Let E2 = event of getting 2 heads. Then,
E2 = {HHT, HTH, THH}
and, therefore, n(E2) = 3.
Therefore, P(getting 2 heads) = P(E2) = n(E2)/n(S) = 3/8.

Let E3 = event of getting 1 head. Then,
E3 = {HTT, THT, TTH} and, therefore,
n(E3) = 3.
Therefore, P(getting 1 head) = P(E3) = n(E3)/n(S) = 3/8.

(iv) getting at least 1 head

Let E4 = event of getting at least 1 head. Then,
E4 = {HTT, THT, TTH, HHT, HTH, THH, HHH}
and, therefore, n(E4) = 7.
Therefore, P(getting at least 1 head) = P(E4) = n(E4)/n(S) = 7/8.

(v) getting at least 2 heads

Let E5 = event of getting at least 2 heads. Then,
E5 = {HHT, HTH, THH, HHH}
and, therefore, n(E5) = 4.
Therefore, P(getting at least 2 heads) = P(E5) = n(E5)/n(S) = 4/8 = 1/2.

Let E6 = event of getting atmost 2 heads. Then,
E6 = {HHT, HTH, HTT, THH, THT, TTH, TTT}
and, therefore, n(E6) = 7.
Therefore, P(getting atmost 2 heads) = P(E6) = n(E6)/n(S) = 7/8

3. Three coins are tossed simultaneously 250 times and the outcomes are recorded as given below.

If the three coins are again tossed simultaneously at random, find the probability of getting

(ii) 2 heads and 1 tail

(iii) All tails

Solution:

(i) Total number of trials = 250.

Number of times 1 head appears = 100.

Therefore, the probability of getting 1 head

= Frequency of Favourable TrialsTotal Number of Trials

Frequency of Favourable TrialsTotal Number of Trials

= Number of Times 1 Head AppearsTotal Number of Trials

Number of Times 1 Head AppearsTotal Number of Trials

= 100250

100250

= 25

25

(ii) Total number of trials = 250.

Number of times 2 heads and 1 tail appears = 64.

[Since, three coins are tossed. So, when there are 2 heads, there will be 1 tail also].

Therefore, the probability of getting 2 heads and 1 tail

= Number of Times 2 Heads and 1 Trial appearsTotal Number of Trials

Number of Times 2 Heads and 1 Trial appearsTotal Number of Trials

= 64250

64250

= 32125

32125

(iii) Total number of trials = 250.

Number of times all tails appear, that is, no head appears = 38.

Therefore, the probability of getting all tails

Number of Times No Head AppearsTotal Number of Trials

Number of Times No Head AppearsTotal Number of Trials

= 38250

38250

= 19125

19125.

These examples will help us to solve different types of problems based on probability of tossing three coins.