Properties of a Parallelogram
Here, are the different properties of parallelogram
- The opposite sides of a parallelogram are congruent
- The opposite angles of a parallelogram are congruent
- The consecutive angles of a parallelogram are supplementary
- The diagonal of a parallelogram always bisect each other
- Each diagonal of a parallelogram bisect it into two congruent triangles
- If any of the angles of a parallelogram is a right angle, then its other angles will also be a right angle.
Types of a Parallelogram
The three different types of the parallelogram are:
The trapezium is a type of quadrilateral with two of its sides parallel. The parallel sides of a trapezium are called bases whereas non-parallel sides of a trapezium are called legs. The trapezium is also known as a trapezoid. Sometimes, the parallelogram is also considered as a trapezoid with two of its sides parallel.
In the above figure, we can see sides AB and CD are parallel to each other whereas sides BC and AD are non-parallel. The h is the distance between the two parallel sides which represent the height of the trapezium.
Properties of a Trapezium
Here, are the different properties of a trapezium
- One pair of opposite sides are parallel in trapezium
- The diagonals of trapezium intersect each other
- The sides of a trapezium which are not parallel are not equal except in isosceles trapezium
- The sum of the interior sides of a trapezium is equal to 360 degrees i,e ∠A + ∠B +∠C +∠D = 360°
- The sum of two adjacent angles is equal to 180°. It implies that two adjacent angles are supplementary.
- The legs or non parallel sides of an isosceles trapezium are congruent.
Types of Trapezium
The trapezium is of three different types namely:
- Isosceles Trapezium – The legs or non parallel sides of an isosceles trapezium are equal in length.
- Scalene Trapezium – All the sides and angles of a scalene trapezium are of different measures.
- Right trapezium – A right trapezium includes at least two right angles.
A kite is a quadrilateral with two pairs of adjacent and congruent (equal- length) sides. It implies that kite is
- A polygon
- A closed shape
- A plane figure
What are the Properties of a Kite
Here, are some important properties of a kite:
- A kite is symmetrical in terms of its angles.
- The two diagonals of a kite bisect each other at 90 degrees.
- The main diagonal of a kite bisects the other diagonal.
- The smaller diagonal of a kite divides it into two isosceles triangles.
- The angles of a kite are equal whereas the unequal sides of a kite meet.
- The kite can be seen as a pair of congruent triangles with a common base.
1. Find the perimeter of kite whose sides are 21cm and 15cm
Perimeter of the kite= 2(a+b)]
Perimeter of kite 2(21+15)
Perimeter of kite = 72 cm
2. Find the area of a parallelogram whose base is 5 cm and height is 7cm.
Solution- Given, Base = 5cm and Height = 7 cm
Area= Base * Height
Area= 5 * 7
Area = 35 sq. cm
Hence, the area of a parallelogram is 35 sq cm.
3. Find the perimeter of trapezium whose sides are 6cm ,7cm, 8cm and 9 cm
Solution: Perimeter of trapezium= sum of all its sides
Perimeter = 6+7+8+9
Perimeter = 30cm
Hence, perimeter of trapezium is 30cm
Which of the following quadrilateral is a regular quadrilateral?
None of these
2. In an isosceles parallelogram, we have
Pair of parallel sides equal
Pair off non-parallel sides equal
Pair of non-parallel sides are perpendicular
None of these.
3. What do we call parallel sides of the trapezium
Edges of trapezium
Angles of trapezium
Legs of trapezium
Bases of trapezium
4. How many pairs of equal opposite angles