Frustum or right Circular cone-Geometry Formulas


Frustum or right Circular cone

Frustum of a right circular cone is that portion of right circular cone included between the base and a section parallel to the base not passing through the vertex.

Properties of Frustum of Right Circular Cone:

  • The altitude of a frustum of a right circular cone is the perpendicular distance between the two bases. It is denoted by h.
  • All elements of a frustum of a right circular cone are equal. It is denoted by L.

Curved surface area of a frustum :

C.S.A. of a frustum = π(R + r)l sq. units

Where,\( l=\sqrt {h^2 + (R-r)^2} \)


The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 5 cm and the radii of its ends are 4 cm and 1 cm. Find its curved surface area.


Given that, l= 5 cm, R = 4 cm, r = 1 cm

Now, C.S.A. of the frustum = π (R + r) l sq. units


Therefore, C.S.A. = 78.57 cm2

Total surface area of a frustum:

T.S.A. of a frustum = π(R + r)l + πR2 + πr 2 sq. units

Where, \( l=\sqrt {h^2 + (R-r)^2} \)


An industrial metallic bucket is in the shape of the frustum of a right circular cone whose top and bottom diameters are 10 m and 4 m and whose height is 4 m. Find the total surface area of the bucket.


Given that, diameter of the top =10 m; radius of the top R = 5 m.

diameter of the bottom = 4 m; radius of the bottom r = 2 m, height h= 4 m

l=5 m

T.S.A. = 201.14 m2

Volume of a frustum:

V = (πh/3)(R2+Rr+r2)


Find the volume of a frustum of a right circular cone with height 20, lower base radius 34 and top radius 19.



h = 20, R = 34, r = 19

V =( (π×20)/3)(342+34×19+192)

V = 14420 π cubic units

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