When we say that a number X is a factor of Y, then it means that the number X will be the result when 2 same numbers Y and Y’ are multiplied. Similarly, the factors of 15 are the integers that when multiplied to each other gives 15 itself as the result. Here, when the numbers are divided by 15, it will leave no reminder. Hence, they are said to be factors. This is quite an easy topic to learn and so, let’s study a few basic and important concepts about the factors of 15.
A Brief Account of What are the Factors of 15
When you multiply 2 whole numbers, the result is a product. Here, the 2 numbers put together during multiplication are termed as the factors. For example, if 5 × 3 gives 15, then you can say that 3 and 5 are the original factors for the number 15. Hence, 5 and 3 are termed the ‘factors of 15’.
On the other hand, the numbers of 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, and so on, are the multiples of 15 respectively. Also, remember that the factors of 15 will divide 15 (once or thrice) without giving a remainder, that is the number will give a division remainder as zero (0).
The number 1 is the smallest known factor for any given integer. Also, if you consider the factors of a number, there are at least (minimum) 2 factors, and the number 1 also accounts for this. When saying that an integer has only 2 factors and having the number 1 itself, then this integer is said to be a ‘prime number’.
We will be learning about 15 as a product of primes using the Prime factorization method in the following sections.
When the Factors of 15 are Taken as Pairs
Considering the factors of 15 together as pairs, it means that 2 numbers are multiplied to get 15 as its product. For example, 1 × 15 gives 15 as its solution. Here, the numbers 1 and 15 are deemed as the factor pairs of ‘15’.
As per this context, when we list all the factors of 15 we get the integers 1, 3, 5 and 15 only. Because 1 × 15 = 15 and 3 × 5 = 15. Hence, considering 15 as a product of primes, only the 4 numbers mentioned are called the factors of 15.
Understanding the Method of Prime Factorisation of 15
Besides having 1 as its divisor, the integer 15 also has other smaller numbers. Hence, 15 is said to be a composite number. Using the Prime Factorization method, we will find out the factors of 15 as given below.
Let’s move onto the subsequent number, i.e. 3 (15 ÷ 3 = 5). Again, on the division of 5 by 3, we get 5 ÷ 3 = 1.67, which is also a fractional value (1.67).
Hence, we are interpreting that the numbers 5 and 3 are the prime factors of 15, in which both 3 and 5 are prime numbers themselves.
The factors of 15 are numbers that when given as the product of 2 integers, results in the same number 15. From the module, 1, 3, 5, and 15 are the list of all the factors of 15. Prime factorization of 15 is the process of decomposing small pieces of integers into a single composite number, which is 15 for our case. This method has also resulted in 1, 3, 5, and 15 as the prime numbers for the composite number 15. The factors of 15, when divided by a number, will not leave any remainder at the end.