# Division of Whole Numbers

Division of whole numbers is discussed here step by step.

**1. Division is repeated subtraction.**

(a) 25 ÷ 5 = 5

(Repeated Subtraction)

(i) 25 – 5 = 20

(ii) 20 – 5 = 15

(iii) 15 – 5 =10

(iv) 10 – 5 = 5

(v) 5 – 5 = 0

(b) 10 ÷ 2 = 5

(Repeated Subtraction)

(i) 10 – 2 = 8

(ii) 8 – 2 = 6

(iii) 6 – 2 = 4

(iv) 4 – 2 = 2

(v) 2 – 2 = 0

(c) 50 ÷ 10 = 5

(Repeated Subtraction)

(i) 50 – 10 = 40.

(ii) 40 – 10 = 30

(iii) 30 – 10 = 20

(iv) 20 – 10 = 10

(v) 10 – 10 = 0

**2. Division is the inverse of multiplication.**

(a) (i) 12 × 10 = 120

(ii) 120 ÷ 10= 12

(iii) 120 ÷ 12 = 10

(b) (i) 25 × 5 = 125

(ii) 125 ÷ 5 = 25

(iii) 125 ÷ 25 = 5

**3. Relation between Dividend, Divisor, Quotient and Remainder is.**

**Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder**

To understand the relation between dividend, divisor, quotient

and remainder let us follow the following examples:

**(a) Divide 537809 by 35 and find the quotient and remainder.**

We need to divide the dividend i.e. 537809 by the divisor

i.e. 35 to get the quotient and remainder.

5 cannot be divided by 35 as 5 < 35. So, we will move to

the next digit of the dividend i.e. 3 and now we have 53 which can be divided

by 35 as 53 > 35. We first divide 53 by 35. 35 into 53 is 1 leaving 18.

Then we bring down the next digit of the dividend i.e. 7 and

we have 187. Now we divide 187 by 35 so, 35 into 187 is 5 leaving 12.

Again we bring down the next digit of the dividend i.e. 8

and we have 128. Now we divide 128 by 35 so, 35 into 128 is 3 leaving 23.

Similarly, again we bring down the next digit of the

dividend i.e. 0 and we have 230. Now we divide 230 by 35 so, 35 into 230 is 6

leaving 20.

And at last we bring down the last digit of the dividend

i.e. 9 and we have 209. So, we divide 209 by 35 then, 35 into 209 is 5 leaving

34.

**Check the answer of
the division:**

Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder

537809 = 35 × 15365 + 34

537809 = 537775 + 34

537809 = 537809

**(b) Divide 86228364 by 2768 and check the answer.**

We need to divide the dividend i.e. 86228364 by the divisor

i.e. 2768 to get the quotient and remainder.

8 cannot be divided by 2768 as 8 < 2768. So, we will move

to the second digit of the dividend i.e. 6 and now we have 86 which cannot be

divided by 2768 as 86 < 2768. So, we will move to the third digit of the

dividend i.e. 2 and now we have 862 which also cannot be divided by 2768 as 862

< 2768. So, we will move to the fourth digit of the dividend i.e. 2 and now

we have 8622 which can be divided by 2768 as 8622 > 2768. We first divide 8622

by 2768. 2768 into 8622 is 3 leaving 318.

Then we bring down the fifth digit of the dividend i.e. 8

and we have 3188. Now we divide 3188 by 2768 so, 2768 into 3188 is 1 leaving 420.

Again we bring down the sixth digit of the dividend i.e. 3

and we have 4203. Now we divide 4203 by 2768 so, 2768 into 4203 is 1 leaving 1435.

Similarly, again we bring down the seventh digit of the

dividend i.e. 6 and we have 14356. Now we divide 14356 by 2768 so, 2768 into 14356

is 5 leaving 516.

And at last we bring down the last digit of the dividend

i.e. 4 and we have 5164. So, we divide 5164 by 2768 then, 2768 into 5164 is 1

leaving 2396.

**Now to check the answer
of the division:**

Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder

86228364 = 2768 × 31151 + 2396

86228364 = 86225968 + 2396

86228364 = 86228364

**4. Divide 682592 by 32 and verify the answer.**

**Solution:**

Hence, 682592 ÷ 32 =21331

**Now to check the answer of the division:**

Divisor × Quotient + Remainder = Dividend

32 × 21331 + 0 = 682592

Division by numerals ending with zeroes:

We know that division is the inverse operation of

multiplication. When we divide a number by 10, 100 or 1000, we take away as

many zeroes from dividend as in the divisor.

**For example:**

60 ÷ 10 = 6
600 ÷ 10 = 60 6000 ÷ 10 = 600 60000 ÷ 10 = 6000 |
600 ÷ 100 = 6
6000 ÷ 100 = 60 60000 ÷ 100 = 600 600000 ÷ 100 = 6000 |
6000 ÷ 1000 = 6
60000 ÷ 1000 = 60 600000 ÷ 1000 = 600 6000000 ÷ 1000 = 6000 |

Questions and Answers on Division of Whole Numbers:

**I. Find the quotient and check the answers in each of the
following:**

(i) 22786 ÷ 3

(ii) 389458 ÷ 7

(iii) 6872419 ÷ 24

(iv) 7714592 ÷ 32

(v) 9600729 ÷ 84

(vi) 11682000 ÷ 125

(vii) 66921036 ÷ 170

(viii) 6017635 ÷ 580

(ix) 7654981 ÷ 53

**Answers:**

(i) Quotient = 7595; Remainder = 1.

(ii) Quotient = 55636; Remainder = 6.

(iii) Quotient = 286350; Remainder = 19.

(iv) Quotient = 241081; Remainder = 0.

(v) Quotient = 114294; Remainder = 33.

(vi) Quotient = 93456; Remainder = 0.

(vii) Quotient = 393653; Remainder = 26.

(viii) Quotient = 10375; Remainder = 135.

(ix) Quotient = 144433; Remainder = 32.

**2. Find the quotient and remainder for the given.**

(i) 8703364 ÷ 10

(ii) 6933453 ÷ 10000

(iii) 459827 ÷ 100

(iv) 7768232 ÷ 100000

(v) 5672861 ÷ 1000

(vi) 97367140 ÷ 10000

**Answers:**

(i) Quotient = 870336; Remainder = 4.

(ii) Quotient = 693; Remainder = 3453.

(iii) Quotient = 4598; Remainder = 27.

(iv) Quotient = 77; Remainder = 68232.

(v) Quotient = 5672; Remainder = 861.

(vi) Quotient = 9736; Remainder = 7140.

**3. Fill In the blanks.**

(i) 4928831 ÷ 1 = ________

(ii) 6582110 × ________ = 6582110

(iii) 5082240 ÷ 10 = ________

(iv) ________ × 0 = 0

(v) 7433925 ÷ 7433925 = ________

(vi) 8953022 + ________ = 8953023

(vii) 3800452 × (0 × 883245) = ________

**Answers:**

(i) 4928831

(ii) 1

(iii) 508224

(iv) Any number

(v) 1

(vi) 1

(vii) 0

**Word Problems on Division of Whole Numbers:**

**4.** 125896 tiles are to be loaded in 8 vehicles equally. How

many tiles are loaded in each vehicle?

**Answer:** 15737 tiles

**5.** 3792780 voters are to be equally distributed in 18 blocks. How many voters will there be in each block?

**Answer:** 210710 voters