# Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Maths Formulas

For those looking for help on Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Math Concepts can find all of them here provided in a comprehensive manner. To make it easy for you we have jotted the Class 10 Coordinate Geometry Maths Formulae List all at one place. You can find Formulas for all the topics lying within the Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Coordinate Geometry in detail and get a good grip on them. Revise the entire concepts in a smart way taking help of the Maths Formulas for Class 10 Coordinate Geometry.

## Maths Formulas for Class 10 Coordinate Geometry

The List of Important Formulas for Class 10 Coordinate Geometry is provided on this page. We have everything covered right from basic to advanced concepts in Coordinate Geometry. Make the most out of the Maths Formulas for Class 10 prepared by subject experts and take your preparation to the next level. Access the Formula Sheet of Coordinate Geometry Class 10 covering numerous concepts and use them to solve your Problems effortlessly.

- Position of a point P in the Cartesian plane with respect to co-ordinate axes is represented by the ordered pair (x, y).

- The line X’OX is called the X-axis and YOY’ is called the Y-axis.
- The part of intersection of the X-axis and Y-axis is called the origin O and the co-ordinates of O are (0, 0).
- The perpendicular distance of a point P from the Y-axis is the ‘x’ co-ordinate and is called the abscissa.
- The perpendicular distance of a point P from the X-axis is the ‘y’ co-ordinate and is called the ordinate.
- Signs of abscissa and ordinate in different quadrants are as given in the diagram:

- Any point on the X-axis is of the form (x, 0).
- Any point on the Y-axis is of the form (0, y).
- The distance between two points P(x1, y1) and Q (x2, y2) is given by

PQ = \(\sqrt { { \left( { x }_{ 2 }-{ x }_{ 1 } \right) }^{ 2 }+{ \left( { y }_{ 2 }-{ y }_{ 1 } \right) }^{ 2 } } \)

Note. If O is the origin, the distance of a point P(x, y) from the origin O(0, 0) is given by

OP = \(\sqrt { { x }^{ 2 }+{ y }^{ 2 } } \)

**Section formula.** The coordinates of the point which divides the line segment joining the points A(x1, y1) and B(x2, y2) internally in the ratio m : n are:

The above formula is section formula. The ratio m: n can also be written as \(\frac { m }{ n }\) : 1 or k : 1, The

co-ordinates of P can also be written as P(x,y) = \(\frac { { kx }_{ 2 }+{ x }_{ 1 } }{ k+1 } ,\frac { { ky }_{ 2 }+{ y }_{ 1 } }{ k+1 } \)

The mid-point of the line segment joining the points P(x1, y1) and Q(x2, y2) is

Here m : n = 1 :1.

**Area of a Triangle.** The area of a triangle formed by points A(x1 y1), B(x2, y2) and C(x3, y3) is given by | ∆ |,

where ∆ = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 } \left[ { x }_{ 1 }\left( { y }_{ 2 }-{ y }_{ 3 } \right) +{ x }_{ 2 }\left( { y }_{ 3 }-{ y }_{ 1 } \right) +{ x }_{ 3 }\left( { y }_{ 1 }-{ y }_{ 2 } \right) \right] \)

where ∆ represents the absolute value.

- Three points are collinear if |A| = 0.
- If P is centroid of a triangle then the median divides it in the ratio 2 :1. Co-ordinates of P are given by

\(P=\left( \frac { { x }_{ 1 }+{ x }_{ 2 }+{ x }_{ 3 } }{ 3 } ,\frac { { y }_{ 1 }+{ y }_{ 2 }+{ y }_{ 3 } }{ 3 } \right) \)

**Area of a quadrilateral,** ABCD = ar(∆ABC) + ar(∆ADC)