# Circles Class 10 Maths Formulas

For those looking for help on Circles Class 10 Math Concepts can find all of them here provided in a comprehensive manner. To make it easy for you we have jotted the Class 10 Circles Maths Formulae List all at one place. You can find Formulas for all the topics lying within the Circles Class 10 Circles in detail and get a good grip on them. Revise the entire concepts in a smart way taking help of the Maths Formulas for Class 10 Circles.

## Maths Formulas for Class 10 Circles

The List of Important Formulas for Class 10 Circles is provided on this page. We have everything covered right from basic to advanced concepts in Circles. Make the most out of the Maths Formulas for Class 10 prepared by subject experts and take your preparation to the next level. Access the Formula Sheet of Circles Class 10 covering numerous concepts and use them to solve your Problems effortlessly.

**Circle:** A circle is a collection of all points in a plane which are at a constant distance from a fixed point.

**Centre:** The fixed point is called the centre.

**Radius:** The constant distance from the centre is called the radius.

**Chord:** A line segment joining any two points on a circle is called a chord.

**Diameter:** A chord passing through the centre of the circle is called diameter. It is the longest chord.

**Tangent:** When a line meets the circle at one point or two coincidings The line is known as points, a tangent.

The tangent to a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

⇒ OP ⊥ AB

The lengths of the two tangents from an external point to a circle are equal.

⇒ AP = PB

Length of Tangent Segment

PB and PA are normally called the lengths of tangents from outside point P.

**Properties of Tangent to Circle**

**Theorem 1:** Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

**Given:** XY is a tangent at point P to the circle with centre O.

**To prove:** OP ⊥ XY

**Construction:** Take a point Q on XY other than P and join OQ

**Proof:** If point Q lies inside the circle, then XY will become a secant and not a tangent to the circle

OQ > OP

This happens with every point on the line XY except the point P. OP is the shortest of all the distances of the point O to the points of XY

OP ⊥ XY …[Shortest side is the perpendicular]

**Theorem 2:** A line drawn through the end point of a radius and perpendicular to it, is the tangent to the circle.

**Given:** A circle C(O, r) and a line APB is perpendicular to OP, where OP is the radius.

**To prove:** AB is tangent at P.

**Construction:** Take a point Q on the line AB, different from P and join OQ.

**Proof:** Since OP ⊥ AB

OP < OQ ⇒ OQ > OP

The point Q lies outside the circle.

Therefore, every point on AB, other than P, lies outside the circle.

This shows that AB meets the circle at point P.

Hence, AP is a tangent to the circle at P.

**Theorem 3:** Prove that the lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal

**Given:** PT and PS are tangents from an external point P to the circle with centre O.

**To prove:** PT = PS

**Construction:** Join O to P, T and S.

**Proof:** In ∆OTP and ∆OSP.

OT = OS …[radii of the same circle]

OP = OP …[common]

∠OTP = ∠OSP …[each 90°]

∆OTP = ∆OSP …[R.H.S.]

PT = PS …[c.p.c.t.]

**Note:** If two tangents are drawn to a circle from an external point, then:

- They subtend equal angles at the centre i.e., ∠1 = ∠2.
- They are equally inclined to the segment joining the centre to that point i.e., ∠3 = ∠4.

∠OAP = ∠OAQ